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A Venetian Island for Locals, Inhabitants and Tourists
The tension between tourist and inhabitant has been an increasing problem in the Venetian lagoon. On the one hand the tourism in Venice makes the city an unattractive place to live but at the same time Venetians are financially dependent on mass tourism. Especially now, during the economic crisis in Italy, finding a concept for Venice in which tourists and locals can live together seems more relevant than ever.

Since the auction of Poveglia in the spring of 2014, the small island group has become a symbol for the discussion between politicians and inhabitants on the future of the Venice Lagoon.
Because big groups of Venetians left the city over the last few decades there is an increasing number of abandoned real estate which is rapidly loosing it’s cultural, economical and sustainable value. To prevent Venice from turning in to an amusement park and to prevent the cultural heritage of the lagoon from falling apart, it is key to develop these abandoned areas and make the lagoon a livable place while remaining a loved tourist location. The discussion on Venice future seems to be mostly based on emotional backgrounds and mindset, thats why a successful example is key for the faith in a solution. By developing Poveglia in an island where tourist, inhabitants and locals can live together it can play such an exemplary role.
TRANSPORTATION - The transportation concept for Poveglia focuses on public transport and cargo because those make up 82% of the boat transportation in the lagoon (the other 18% private boats is left out)[2]. By using the existing bus connection on the Lido to Malamocco the transport distance over water is minimized. The distance between Malamocco and Poveglia is only 700m; the connection is made with a fuel efficient chain ferry that transports both cargo and people. Malamocco and Poveglia form - once connected - a perfect day trip destination for tourists visiting Venice. These day trips promote a ‘slow stay’ (tourists staying overnight) tourism, which has a positive impact on the economy in the Lagoon (Hotel, Restaurant, Transportation). The Malamocco Poveglia connection also promotes a more even distribution of tourists over the lagoon islands, which has positive impacts on the living quality in the historic center of Venice and the economy of the surrounding islands.

HOUSING - The relatively remote location of Poveglia together with the beautiful surrounding make it a perfect place for seniors to spend the last years of their lives. Besides offering activities on and around Poveglia, the Senior housing offers a variety of services like laundry, weekly cleaning and a hospitality services which includes a restaurant and a guesthouse for visiting family members and friends. The housing should not be seen as a retirement home, but much more as a community for active seniors. For the housing, part of the island has a more private atmosphere. The garden on the south side of the building, the activity building, the apartment building and the enclosed courtyard are all private.
The floor plan for the apartments is based on a small floor area (50 - 65 m2) with a private outdoor space on the northers facade and a public outdoor space on the southern facade. All outdoor spaces are located inside of the existing building to minimize the temperature fluctuation by using the thermal mass of the existing building (mostly in summer). The windows are extruded to the floor and the glass is left out in case of the outdoor spaces.

AGRICULTURE - Poveglia had 80 % agricultural land use before it was abandoned in the 1950s. By cleaning up the landscape the traditional landscape can be restored quite effortless and economical. The Agricultural landscape allows a mixed use by Venetians, Tourists and Inhabitants. This is key for the redevelopment of the Island and the Venice Lagoon in general.

COMMUNITY - Poveglia will function as a community from inhabitants, locals and tourists. It should be an example on how the local community can live together with mass-tourism. A key role in this community plays the partly self-sustaining food production of Poveglia. It is an illusion to think the island can be entirely self-sustaining which is also not the goal of this project. The amount of food transport to the island will be reduced, but the communal gardens, restaurant and local market play a much more important role in the community culture on Poveglia. Locals can have their own small garden on Poveglia, but have to give part of their crops to the local restaurant where locals, tourists and inhabitants can eat. The restaurant also offers cooking courses, harvest events and fishing trips to locals, inhabitants and tourists. The remaining part of the crops can be taken home or sold on the weekly market on Poveglia (only in tourist season).
Poveglia anno 195
[1]Tourism in the city of canals; Worcester Polytechnic Institute
[2]Developing Mobility Management Tools and Methodologies in Venice; WPI
[3] Archivio di Stato di Venezia
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